For more than half a century, the U.S. dollar has been the single most important currency, not just in the United States but globally. When the greenback became the leading international currency after World War II, this reinforced America's status one of the mightiest economic powers inworld history. However, recent events have raised serious doubts about the future of the dollar. Among these have been the effects of the Great Recession in the U.S.: high unemployment, record federal deficits, and unprecedented financial distress. So profound has been the impact on the esteem in which the dollaris held that some say it may soon cease to be the world's standard currency - which could significant depress American living standards and weaken the country's international influence. Is the situation that bad? In Exorbitant Privilege, one of our foremost experts on the international financial system argues that while the dollar is bound to lose its singular status - that it will be forced to share it with newcomers like the Euro and the Chinese Renminbi - the coming changes willbe neither sudden nor dire. Barry Eichengreen puts today's crisis in historical context, revealing that even after the United States became the world's largest economy around 1880, the dollar had a limited international role. While the founding of the Federal Reserve in 1914 launched the dollar'sinternational career, only after World War II, with Europe and Japan in ruins, did the dollar become the world's monetary lingua franca - the reserve currency of the world's banks and the kind of cash accepted virtually everywhere. French President Charles de Gaulle complained of this "exorbitantprivilege" - that a captive demand for dollars allowed the United States to inflate its living standard and extend military power. Now, with the rise of China, India, Brazil and other emerging economies, America no longer towers over the global economy like before. And the U.S. itself faces very serious economic and financial challenges as it contemplates its medium-term future. But despite this, Eichengreen argues,predictions of the dollar's demise are greatly exaggerated. The most likely outcome is that the dollar will only slowly be supplanted by other currencies in a gradual transition that will resemble the relatively stable situation that prevailed before World War I. Incisive, challenging and frequently iconoclastic, Exorbitant Privilege is a fascinating analysis of the changes that lie ahead, and a welcome rejoinder to predictions of America's inevitable decline.